Prof. Dr. Ulmar Grafe



Educational Qualifications: Diploma (Wurzburg), PhD (Cornell), Habilitation(Wurzburg)

Research Interests

  • Functional diversity of amphibians.
  • Sensory ecology of frog-biting midges
  • Community ecology of Bornean frogs
  • A novel resource-service mutualism between bats and pitcher plants


  • SB-1203 Skills in Biological Sciences
  • SB-2206 Principles of Animal Physiology
  • SB-2402 Discovering Science
  • SB-4319 Tropical Parasitology


  • Konopik, O., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & Grafe, T. U. Effects of Logging and Oil Palm Expansion on Stream Frog Communities on Borneo, Southeast Asia. Biotropica 47, 636–643 (2015).
  • Schöner, M. G. et al. Bats Are Acoustically Attracted to Mutualistic Carnivorous Plants. Curr. Biol. 25, 1911–6 (2015).
  • Bauer, U., Federle, W., Seidel, H., Grafe, T. U. & Ioannou, C. C. How to catch more prey with less effective traps: explaining the evolution of temporarily inactive traps in carnivorous pitcher plants. Proc. Biol. Sci. 282, 20142675 (2015).
  • Bauer, U., Rembold, K. & Grafe, T. U. Carnivorous Nepenthes pitcher plants are a rich food source for a diverse vertebrate community. J. Nat. Hist. 1–13 (2015).
  • Schöner, C. R., Schöner, M. G., Kerth, G., Suhaini, S. N. binti P. & Grafe, T. U. Low costs reinforce the mutualism between bats and pitcher plants. Zool. Anzeiger - A J. Comp. Zool. 258, 1–5 (2015).