Green-synthesized CeO<inf>2</inf>nanoparticles for photocatalytic, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity activities


Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeO2NPs) are a sought-after material in numerous fields due to their potential applications such as in catalysis, cancer therapy, photocatalytic degradation of pollutants, sensors, polishing agents. Green synthesis usually involves the production of CeO2assisted by organic extracts obtained from plants, leaves, flowers, bacteria, algae, food, fruits,etc.The phytochemicals present in the organic extracts adhere to the NPs and act as reducing and/or oxidizing agents and capping agents to stabilize the NPs, modify the particle size, morphology and band gap energy of the as-synthesized materials, which would be advantageous for numerous applications. This review focuses on the green extract-mediated synthesis of CeO2NPs and discusses the effects on CeO2NPs of various synthesis methods that have been reported. Several photocatalytic, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxicity applications have been evaluated, compared and discussed. Future prospects are also suggested.

Journal of Materials Chemistry B