Doped Ceria Nanomaterials: Preparation, Properties, and Uses


Doping is a powerful strategy for enhancing the performance of ceria (CeO2) nanomaterials in a range of catalytic, photocatalytic, biomedical, and energy applications. The present review summarizes recent developments in the doping of ceria nanomaterials with metal and non-metal dopants for selected applications. The most important metal dopants are grouped into s, p, d, and f block elements, and the relevant synthetic methods, novel properties, and key applications of metal doped ceria are collated and critically discussed. Non-metal dopants are similarly examined and compared with metal dopants using the same performance criteria. The review reveals that non-metal (N, S, P, F, and Cl) doped ceria has mainly been synthesized by calcination and hydrothermal methods, and it has found applications mostly in photocatalysis or as a cathode material for LiS batteries. In contrast, metal doped ceria nanomaterials have been prepared by a wider range of synthetic routes and evaluated for a larger number of applications, including as catalysts or photocatalysts, as antibacterial agents, and in devices such as fuel cells, gas sensors, and colorimetric detectors. Dual/co-doped ceria containing both metals and non-metals are also reviewed, and it is found that co-doping often leads to improved properties compared with single-element doping. The review concludes with a future outlook that identifies unaddressed issues in the synthesis and applications of doped ceria nanomaterials.

ACS Omega